“To become a leader you must study the lives of Leaders whose traits and contributions are worthy.”
Jody Victor replied to me in response to a question about how to move myself from a follower to a leader. Mr. Victor continued, “And a great place to start would be with the forefathers of our great country who had great faith, wisdom and a desire to see all have an equal opportunity to succeed in whatever endeavor they choose. Thomas Jefferson would be a great place for you to start.”
I started my search at the White House web site whitehouse.gov . Following is a brief biography of this great man.
In the thick of conflict in 1800, Thomas Jefferson wrote in a private letter, “I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man.”
Thomas Jefferson was born in 1743 in Albemarle County, Virginia, inheriting about 5,000 acres of land from his father and mother. He studied at the College of William and Mary, then read law. In 1772 he married a widow named Martha Wayles Skelton and took her to live in his partly constructed mountaintop home in Monticello.
Jefferson was eloquent as a correspondent, but he was not a proficient public speaker. In the Virginia House of Burgesses and the Continental Congress, he contributed his pen rather than his voice to the patriot cause. As the “silent member” of the Congress, Jefferson, at 33, drafted the Declaration of Independence. In years following he labored to make its words a reality in Virginia. Most notably, he wrote a bill establishing religious freedom, enacted in 1786.
Jefferson succeeded Benjamin Franklin as minister to France in 1785. He resigned in 1793 due to a conflict with Alexander Hamilton when Jefferson was Secretary of State in President Washington’s Cabinet.
Sharp political conflict developed, and two separate parties, the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, began to form. Jefferson gradually assumed leadership of the Republicans, who sympathized with the revolutionary cause in France. He opposed the Federalists idea of a strong centralized Government and championed the rights of states.
As a reluctant candidate for President in 1796, Jefferson came within three votes of election. Through a flaw in the Constitution, he became Vice President, although an opponent of President Adams. In 1800 the defect caused a more serious problem. Republican electors, attempting to name both a President and a Vice President from their own party, cast a tie vote between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. The House of Representatives settled the tie. Hamilton, disliking both Jefferson and Burr, nevertheless urged Jefferson’s election.
When Jefferson assumed the Presidency, the crisis in France had passed. He slashed Army and Navy expenditures, cut the budget, eliminated the tax on whiskey so unpopular in the West, yet reduced the national debt by a third. He also sent a naval squadron to fight the Barbary pirates, who were harassing American commerce in the Mediterranean. Further, although the Constitution made no provision for the acquisition of new land, Jefferson suppressed his qualms over constitutionality when he had the opportunity to acquire the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon in 1803.
During Jefferson’s second term, he was increasingly preoccupied with keeping the Nation from involvement in the Napoleonic wars.
Jefferson retired to Monticello to ponder such projects as his grand designs for the University of Virginia. A French nobleman observed that he had placed his house and his mind “on an elevated situation, from which he might contemplate the universe.”
He died on July 4, 1826.